TERRORISM PSYCHOLOGY (PART2): KNOWING WHAT AND HOW TO FIX

This is my second post discussing the same topic: terrorism psychology in Komarudin Hidayat’s perspective. There are some worth noting points that Hidayat had proposed to tackle the thriving terrorism on the land of Indonesia. And these are some thoughts I managed to summarize:
GIVING LESS SPACE
The short term measure the police and people take now is probably cooperating with each other to give the culprits less space of movement. With less space of movement, it’s going to be easier for us to catch and detain them. This, however, isn’t quite effective as terrorism is about mindset and thought. Mindset and thought are sometimes well-concealed and blur. We cannot easily detect which people are terrorists and which are not ones. Even they perish physically, as long as the wrongly-interpreted belief is widespread, it is not really surprising to see the younger version of them in the future.
CREATING COUNTER-IDEOLOGY
Somehow the government, along with people, should show that Indonesia is a mostly -moslem-populated country so it’s extremely ridiculous and doesn’t make sense at all for the terrorists to demolish the country where many moslems -their compatriots- live their life and earn a living. Hurting Indonesia necessarily means hurting moslems as a whole, and humanity as a whole.
DEVISING A MORE-HUMANE AND FRIENDLY APPROACHING METHOD
It is undeniable that terrorism is the result of extreme poverty, lack of education, marginalization. As we can see, most of Indonesian suicide bombers are some poorly educated people. Nana (one of the recent suicide bombers) came from a poverty-stricken village, he quit school at 6 grade and never continued to high school. Such kind of people is like a sitting duck for our culprits.
DECONSTRUCTING AND REBUILDING THE WAY OUR YOUNG GENERATIONS ARE TAUGHT
The nation’s awareness has to be rebuilt and revised as our education system seems to ignore a lot of essential matters and at the same time pay too much attention on other trivial issues. Hidayat took an example, it’s ridiculous too see how busy this nation builds intelligence by getting their students prepared for National Examination held annually for 6th graders of elementary schools, 9th graders and 12th graders of high schools, while they’re ignoring the importance of building the children’s characters. What is worse is that no public officials or eve our presidential contenders managed to reveal their awareness, attention and seriousness pertaining to the nation’s character building. Character building is fundamental, yet tragically overlooked.
Next, Hidayat criticized the education values that our students keep absorbing. To Hidayat, a huge number of school text books particularly the faith-related ones needs major revision. Hidayat gave our neighboring Singapore’s icon, Mr. Lee Kuan Yew, as a typical example of the success of education system reform. We can see now, in spite of its size (compare to Indonesia), Singapore has become a developed country and reached many astounding progresses as a young Asian nation. Indonesia gained its independence years before Singapore did, but Indonesia is left behind. So, what’s wrong with Indonesia?
FINDING THE BEST CONDUCTOR
Hidayat emphasized the vital role of a conductor for a choir. This is such an apt analogy for us. The nation, Hidayat added, had been ready to move on, move forward, but the problem is who can lead this nation so they have a common set of vision, concept, commitment, and action?? We’re ready, we’re strong, but can this nation find a distingushed leader who meets the requirements?

안녕하세요!

The title above means “How are you?” in Korean. Perhaps that’s the most easily found expression in Korean. And most of the time, Korean teachers teach students how to say this correctly. We’d have to say this by taking a bow as it shows our respect to someone older or strangers we meet.
This blog is about my interest in learning Korean. Started from 2005, I watched one of Korean drama masterpieces; “Full House”. And I was instantly hooked! Song Hye Kyo and Jong Ji Hoon (Rain) fascinated me and after that I was diagnosed as a Korean wave patient.
It was a divine coincidence I saw an announcement on my campus, telling the interested students to enrol a Korean course. The next thing I did was clear. Without hesitance, I dashed to the office and enthusiastically pleaded to be a participant.
The class began and a native Korean appeared. Mr. Kang Song Hoon, that was my sonsaengnim’s(선생님-teacher in Korean) name. He could hardly speak Indonesian or even English. So it was quite a struggle for us (his students) to communicate with him smoothly. He tried to teach well but failed. Don’t know why I simply couldn’t do well in class. It might be caused by my campus business at that time and he seemed to be a novice teacher. The frequency of classes was too low and learning foreign languages, as far as I’m concerned, takes regularity. The more frequent we speak the language, the better our proficiency will be. But at that time I had no source of learning, except the textbook from Seoul National University and my dear sonsaengnim’s poorly-conveyed explanation. But after all, I still miss Mr. Kang. If you really want to know how he looks like, maybe you can find the Japanese character in “Heroes” American Tv series. There you’ll find Hiro (if I’m not mistaken), he simply looks like Kang Song Hoon. Hahaha…

THE RETURN OF INDONESIA: ARE WE READY ENOUGH TO BE THE NEXT DEVELOPED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD?(PART 1)

Indonesia is rich, yet poor. Indonesia is is smart, yet foolish. Indonesia is huge, but weak. Welcome to Indonesia, the land of contradictions.
What saddens me is the fact that there are many countries which gained their independence as long as or even later than Indonesia did, but nowadays they’ve already become so gigantic and influential in terms of economic, political, and any kinds of sectors. It seems that Indonesia is left far away behind. In this age of technology, Indonesia is like a snail trying to pursue other countries which seemingly can run like a young stallion.
Apart from that, I’m trying to be optimistic, at least for now as I’d love to see this nation reviving and regaining its glory in the past, when Gajahmada was uniting this vast archipelago.
Last night I watched some public officials, outstanding scholars, experienced leaders and reliable pundits of the country gathering to talk about the return of Indonesia. I think it’s worth knowing to see how these people of authority speak up their mind bluntly on the future forecast of this 64-year-old country.
POTENTIALS
Marie Elka Pangestu initiated the discussion by stating the varied kinds of potentials Indonesia already has but are left unmanaged. Indonesia, as Pangestu went on, possesses abundant amount of valuable natural resources. Speaking of natural resources, she addressed the importance of managing and processing continually the resources. Another potential Indonesia has is the vast and large fields stretched throughout the country, which in turn may be a guarantee for the nation’s food supply. Of human resources, there must be more and more creativity grown by devising better education methods for young generation. We need more creative people to become a better nation.
Meanwhile, besides the natural resources, Silmy Karim (HIMPI chairperson) highlighted the vital role of independence, meaning that Indonesian domestic products should be loved firstly by its local consumers. As he pointed out, there are a lot of Indonesian products imported and branded as the other countries’ products. This shows the quality of Indonesian products is not as bad as we think. Karim also explained the huge number of population can be an advantage.
Another sight was provided by M. S. Hidayat, the chief of KADIN (Kamar Dagang Indonesia-Indonesian Chamber of Commerce). By the point of view of entrepreneurs he tried to represent, he abrasively stated how dumb this nation is. By exporting raw materials, we are letting the other nations enjoy the added value that we were supposed to be taking. Hidayat said raw materials export must be banned to stop this recurring tremendous loss of profits.

TERRORISM PSYCHOLOGY

The title sounds like a new discipline but this isn’t. Couple of days ago I watched a talkshow called SAVE OUR NATION on Metro TV, viewing Prof. Komarudin Hidayat, one of the country’s best moslem scholars ever. He elaborated how the root of terrorism grows in Indonesia, and above all he suggested to study the psychological state of those terrorism upholders.
RECRUITING YOUTHS THROUGH EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
It’s hardly thinkable for most of us that terrorism uses this channel to survive and develop. Extracurricular activities high school or college students taking part in are allegedly to be the potential, effective “underground tunnel” for Noordin’s and his partners to get new members.
The steps of recruitment, according to Hidayat, are inviting the potential youths to a group discussion, observing them, selecting the most potential one(s). They decide the most potential youngsters by scrutinzing their traits (usually young men with extreme stubborness, high intelligence and curiosity are chosen as the promising candidates). Soon after, these innocent young men are closely watched and observed, especially in terms of their personal life and problems. Disappointment, anger, feeling of being neglected may be destablizing their sensible minds and this is something terrorists are looking for. Hobbies and interests are some other way of attracting young people. Supplying them with what they want is a way to make them feel indebted to the recruiters. And the last step is convincing them that they have done uncounted sins which of course can’t be redeemed by doing ordinary way of repenting. Simply said, the youths have to leave everything worldly to achieve the ‘promised’ heaven.
ROOTS OF TERROR
Hidayat emphazised the wrongly-designed Indonesian education system. These flaws in turn led this nation to being ignorant of any other equally or more vital issues. Hidayat took “ujian nasional” case as the typical example. Too much attention were given to design, train the students to pass the tests. One thing the authority completely forgot was that passing the exams didn’t guarantee the students’ character building. Our students are knowledgable but they’re weak when it comes to dealing with their own personal issues, setting their goals to a better life, being completely blind to decide who they are or who they are going to be in the future, they have no life principles. In a nutshell, Indonesian students are wandering around, looking for the identity but what they don’t know is that identity is primarily built by themselves, not by others. That’s why we’ve had an teenaged suicide bomber recently.
HOW TO COUNTERACT TERRORISM
“Islam is destroyed mainly due to moslems, not by anyone or anything else”, Hidayat added. Indonesia is the country where the biggest number of moslems are living, but why can terrorism thrive here? Thus, there must be something….no, many things wrong with our being moslems.
Moslems in Indonesia, in my opinion, pay too much attention on how to build Islamic symbols. Therefore, when it comes to worldly businesses, they seem to be less spirited. Most of Indonesian moslems know the meaning of “Kebersihan sebagian dari iman” but how many of us don’t treat rivers as our gigantic sewage ditch where we can throw anything we want away? I recalled a story told by my pal, he told me he was going somewhere with his American friend, and guess what…they spotted some feeble elderly walking on sidewalk, wanting to cross the street. But the one who first initiated to help and get the elderly crossed was the American not my moslem Indonesian pal. Ironic but true! I think we are too much consumed by our prejudice that America or any western parts of this world is place where people are drinking liquor freely, having free sex or things like that.
They forget there are western people who like to help, think behave or act in a way a moslem is supposed to have. Like what I said, we preached too often about the importance of cleanliness but anyone can see how dirty Ciliwung is, how miserable our waste treatment is.
As moslems, we must admit that some foreign, western cultural values are good and worth adopting. It is highly possible that we can be adopting some of their values without losing our faith.
I think it’s the time for moslems to review themselves, what to improve, fix and discard.

A GOOD STUDENT ISN'T THE SMART, BUT THE USEFUL ONE…SINCE SOMEONE SMART CAN BE EVIL

If there’s someone asked me, ” Is there any school that everyone wants to go to? I’d say, “Yes, it is!”. And that ‘school’ is called “Qaryah Thayyibah“……
Unlike yesterday morning, I tried not to listen to terrorism-scented news, but alas! My dad was ironing his clothes near the TV set and took the liberty to hold the remote control. I couldn’t help hearing the names of the terrorism suspects.
Around 9.30 I had nothing particular to do and there was a sudden urge to watch TV. I saw a seemingly-not-really-fit teenage girl named Zulfa, swinging her closely-held saber confidently. It looked like she was practicing her wushu moves. She explained in detail how she just started to get lured by the graceful yet powerful moves of wushu. It’s definitely unusual for a Javanese moslem girl like Zulfa (she wears veil,too) to be attracted by this kind of sport. I know I’m stigmatizing now,but it’s inevitable,and I guess almost everybody on this planet thinks the same way,too. Wushu isn’t a Javanese, or at least an Indonesian sport. It’s not even widely played or showcased here. In Indonesia, wushu tournament or competition is hardly ever heard, advertised, or publicized.Wushu athletes are ordinarily Chinese (though some exceptional cases are found,but not much). Ok, onto the core of business, what Zulfa was actually elaborating was that she felt extremely lucky to find and have Qaryah Thayyibah as her ‘school’. She told her teacher at Qaryah Thayyibah how glad if she could’ve practice some wushu. Her teacher luckily recalled an acquaintance running a wushu training center. Without doubt, the teacher contacted and pleaded to the acquaintance so as to make Zulfa one of the students there. He managed to do that,and Zulfa ended up being a wushu female student. Six months passed, Zulfa made lots of progress and felt challenged by a wushu tournament, and this would be a nationwide scale. She resolved and went on, though she found the massive challenges ready to confront her. Zulfa-who had just practiced wushu for 6 months- had to compete against bunch of wushu athletes who had started practicing wushu for years. And just like a miraculous and victorious ending part of typical Hollywood movies, she surprisingly won the competition at her age category. But you may wonder, how could Zulfa opted for wushu to be her lesson to learn? The answer’s at Qaryah Thayyibah students may choose anything to learn and teachers are to accomodate the students’ interests. Forget the rigid curriculum made by the Indonesian national education ministry, forget other people’s interference about what lesson to learn. That’s how this ‘school’ is different.
Another prominent student is Mira (ooops, I forgot the name actually, but let’s take it for granted, Shakespeare says “what’s a name?”), who is a reckoned author already at her teenage years, having managed to published several books launched to the market. Marvelous! This young author admitted how frustrated she was at school, she found school’s curriculum very restrictive to her personal development. As she kept explaining, she took her curiosity of Chairil Anwar’s biography as her ‘tragic’ example. Having higher passion of learning literature, she reminisced asking the question “Can I read Chairil Anwar’s biography?” to her elementary school teacher. Like any other ordinary teachers, s/he quipped,”We’ll learn that later on, when you’re at higher grade”. And that sounded terribly absurd for our writing prodigy. Years later, she found herself gradually lazier than before to go to school. She thought there was nothing fun she could learn at school. And no one can blame her for having such stance.
I added the quotation marks between the word school as this Qaryah Thayyibah isn’t a school AT ALL, in our conventional perspective. Physically, you can’t find any sights you expect to see from a school building. You can’t either find the whole features a school should have there. No fence, no uniform, no fixed desks, no hard wooden brown chairs. The classrom can be anywhere, literally. They can be sitting under the huge, shadowy trees growing just before the simple building of the so-called school. They can do anything ranging from doing science experiments, making clay pots, or reciting lines of poems they love.
Even though Qaryah Thayyiban looks awkward compared to costly international or national standard schools but it has ‘it’, something that is really avant garde, authenthic in any way possible. But above all, what I really adore is its freedom to choose what to learn, and what to do with one’s interest, intelligence, and potential. There’s nothing in the Milky Way that can beat the enjoyment or pleasure of learning something useful with passion.
Like no other school, Qaryah Thayyiban is trying to liberate the souls of its students, and the most importantly do its best to accomodate the students’ highly diverse interests. And that’s what makes Qaryah Thayyiban worth appreciation.
If you’re having much leisure time, try to see what it’s like. Qaryah Thayyibah is located at Kalibening, Tingkir Lor, Salatiga.

EAT MORE SUGAR…AND FIND YOURSELF LOOK OLDER

How dangerous liberal intake of sugar is already well known among health-conscious people. Diabetes type 2,obesity, bla bla bla and the list goes on. Yeah right, the list goes on. Now, it’s for youto reconsider how much sugar you’re gonna eat today..However, sugar has another VERY unwanted side-effect – it makes you look old before your time!
That’s according to Yahoo’s ‘Skin Guru’ Dr. Leslie Bauman.
I’m no expert in skin care, but I think the explanation is fairly easy to understand. She says…
“Sugar triggers a natural process called glycation, which is the same chemical reaction that turns meat brown when you cook it. The sugars bind with tissues to form harmful molecules, called advanced glycation end products (ironically known as AGEs), which damage elastin and collagen — two substances your skin needs to stay supple and elastic. AGEs also damage the kidneys, brain and other essential organs.”
So it would appear that a high-sugar intake damages elastin and collagen – that’s bad news.
It’s humorous, but also tragic, to watch television commercials marketed at women. One advert will sell the latest must-have skin cream to ‘Defy Aging‘. This is followed by an ad for the latest low-fat ice cream, low-fat cereal bar, low-fat chocolate bars (and on and on and on…..) – all LOADED with sugar.
Their message is clear: Keep your skin looking young with miracle creams, AND, easily control your weight with low-fat, and therefore healthy, products – yeah right!
The unsuspecting female population remains unaware that the 2 advertised products are actually working AGAINST each other.
Not that this only affects women. We live in a time where it’s OK for men to care about how they look, watch what they eat, and even use some cosmetic products if they wish. Aren’t we? It isn’t just me, is it? .
Anyway, Dr.Baumann goes on to say..
“And it’s not just the obvious culprits, like soda and candy, that cause damage; other foods with a high glycemic index, like white bread, pasta and potatoes also cause the formation of AGEs, because they are quickly converted to sugar in the bloodstream.”
I think the REAL message is this: get on a healthy diet that stabilizes your blood sugar – and do it as soon as possible! You’ll:
Be leaner
Have more energy
Have a better lipid profile
Stay looking younger for longer…
…to name but a few. If you don’t enjoy low-carb diets, a low Glycemic Load diet is what you need

LET'S LIVE LONGER

Work out, stay fitter
Regular exercise keeps the heart ticking, prevents Type-2 diabetes, maintains and builds muscle mass, keeps up energy levels, and also elevates mood in a big way. It has been found that moderate low-impact exercise is the best solution to a long life. Small lifestyle changes like walking/cycling to your nearby destinations for chores, taking stairs, doing household chores, and gardening can go a long way towards prolonging your life. This is what Buettner calls “deconveniencing your home”!
Gardening is one of the few ways of getting exercise in a pleasurable way. It helps develop a nurturing attitude towards nature. Plus, being out in the sun gives a good dose of vitamin D. The benefit of reaping fresh produce from your own garden is quite unbeatable.
Yoga has been propounded as a tool for longevity since centuries. It is low on impact, but high on strengthening the muscles and ligaments, leading to more flexibility as we age. A loss of muscle mass, accompanied by a gain in fat mass, occurs with ageing. Yoga is great for longevity because it strengthens the muscles and ligaments that surround bones and joints without putting pressure on them. Movements become more fluid and less stiff overtime.
T’ai Chi, the Chinese art of choreographed meditative exercises, has been around for centuries. It is not only enjoyable, but also can be performed at any age. When practised for 30 minutes, thrice a week, it helps improve energy and balance, strengthen immunity, reduce stress, better sleep, and keep the body flexible.
Eat better, live longer
There’s plenty of truth in this old adage — “We dig our graves with our teeth.” We are what we eat, so it is no surprise that our diet plays a vital role in how we age. A research done on the centenarians in Japan and China revealed that they ate mostly fish, vegetables, mushrooms, seaweed, corn, buckwheat, and hardly any meat. Scientists have proven the health benefits of eating a plant-rich, meat-free diet. These geriatrics rarely suffered from heart or liver disease, cancer or degenerative diseases.
Dan Buettner [author of The Blue Zones, a book on longevity] recommends that you donate all the large plates in your kitchen and replace them with smaller plates. This will automatically reduce calorie intake by 30 per cent at least at dinner times.
Eating locally produced organic food is an added advantage. Sardinians swear by red wine as one of the aids to defy ageing, given that red wine is rich in antioxidants, it might as well be true. Drinking enough pure water through the day is also an important part of keeping cells healthy. Herbs and spices like turmeric, ginger, garlic, and pepper have several disease-preventing properties that one could benefit from.
Here are some foods that will help you lead a long healthy life:
Whole grains reduce risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and some cancers [whole wheat flour, ragi, oatmeal, jowar, bajra, cracked wheat, buckwheat, and cornmeal]
Calcium-rich dairy foods prevent osteoporosis [low-fat milk, dahi, low-fat paneer, and cheese]
Protein from beans and lean meats result in stronger muscles and improved metabolism [dried beans, nuts, and fish]
Fruits provide antioxidants and a variety of vitamins [choose a variety of colours]
Vegetables help reduce the risk of some chronic diseases by providing vital nutrients [green leafy, orange coloured and starchy vegetables].
Grow older, think sharper
Age brings along senility, memory loss, and Alzheimer’s. These can be delayed or prevented altogether. Daily brain workouts like puzzles, chess and sudoku, and a diet rich in essential amino acids, omega-3 and vitamins ensure that you have a razor sharp brain for many years to come.
The following list of foods will keep your brain buzzing for long:
Omega-3 rich fish: Salmon, mackerel and sardines
Nuts and seeds: They are rich in omega-3 and protein
Antioxidant-rich foods: Berries and green tea [2 cups a day]
Choline-rich food: Cruciferous vegetables [cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli], eggs, peanuts, and rajma
Monounsaturated fats: Olive oil, peanuts, sesame oil, flaxseeds and fish oil
Microalgae: Spirulina and seaweed.
Beat stress, live lighter
Follow these simple steps to de-stress
Bond with family and friends
Cut out stimulants like caffeine
Cultivate a hobby and join a hobby group
De-clutter with a passion. Give away anything that you haven’t used for six months
Keep free slots in your daily planner for relaxation, or doing what makes you happy, including doing nothing
Laugh like a child
Give importance to a good night’s sleep
Get a pet. A pet dog can bring you much happiness.
To live a long life full of vitality, you can start at any point, making small changes one at a time to improve for the better. Pursue longevity with a passion, and you will realise that it is not some elusive Holy Grail, but something very much attainable.

EAT MORE SUGAR…AND FIND YOURSELF LOOK OLDER

How dangerous liberal intake of sugar is already well known among health-conscious people. Diabetes type 2,obesity, bla bla bla and the list goes on. Yeah right, the list goes on. Now, it’s for youto reconsider how much sugar you’re gonna eat today..However, sugar has another VERY unwanted side-effect – it makes you look old before your time!
That’s according to Yahoo’s ‘Skin Guru’ Dr. Leslie Bauman.
I’m no expert in skin care, but I think the explanation is fairly easy to understand. She says…
“Sugar triggers a natural process called glycation, which is the same chemical reaction that turns meat brown when you cook it. The sugars bind with tissues to form harmful molecules, called advanced glycation end products (ironically known as AGEs), which damage elastin and collagen — two substances your skin needs to stay supple and elastic. AGEs also damage the kidneys, brain and other essential organs.”
So it would appear that a high-sugar intake damages elastin and collagen – that’s bad news.
It’s humorous, but also tragic, to watch television commercials marketed at women. One advert will sell the latest must-have skin cream to ‘Defy Aging‘. This is followed by an ad for the latest low-fat ice cream, low-fat cereal bar, low-fat chocolate bars (and on and on and on…..) – all LOADED with sugar.
Their message is clear: Keep your skin looking young with miracle creams, AND, easily control your weight with low-fat, and therefore healthy, products – yeah right!
The unsuspecting female population remains unaware that the 2 advertised products are actually working AGAINST each other.
Not that this only affects women. We live in a time where it’s OK for men to care about how they look, watch what they eat, and even use some cosmetic products if they wish. Aren’t we? It isn’t just me, is it? .
Anyway, Dr.Baumann goes on to say..
“And it’s not just the obvious culprits, like soda and candy, that cause damage; other foods with a high glycemic index, like white bread, pasta and potatoes also cause the formation of AGEs, because they are quickly converted to sugar in the bloodstream.”
I think the REAL message is this: get on a healthy diet that stabilizes your blood sugar – and do it as soon as possible! You’ll:
Be leaner
Have more energy
Have a better lipid profile
Stay looking younger for longer…
…to name but a few. If you don’t enjoy low-carb diets, a low Glycemic Load diet is what you need

LET'S LIVE LONGER

Work out, stay fitter
Regular exercise keeps the heart ticking, prevents Type-2 diabetes, maintains and builds muscle mass, keeps up energy levels, and also elevates mood in a big way. It has been found that moderate low-impact exercise is the best solution to a long life. Small lifestyle changes like walking/cycling to your nearby destinations for chores, taking stairs, doing household chores, and gardening can go a long way towards prolonging your life. This is what Buettner calls “deconveniencing your home”!
Gardening is one of the few ways of getting exercise in a pleasurable way. It helps develop a nurturing attitude towards nature. Plus, being out in the sun gives a good dose of vitamin D. The benefit of reaping fresh produce from your own garden is quite unbeatable.
Yoga has been propounded as a tool for longevity since centuries. It is low on impact, but high on strengthening the muscles and ligaments, leading to more flexibility as we age. A loss of muscle mass, accompanied by a gain in fat mass, occurs with ageing. Yoga is great for longevity because it strengthens the muscles and ligaments that surround bones and joints without putting pressure on them. Movements become more fluid and less stiff overtime.
T’ai Chi, the Chinese art of choreographed meditative exercises, has been around for centuries. It is not only enjoyable, but also can be performed at any age. When practised for 30 minutes, thrice a week, it helps improve energy and balance, strengthen immunity, reduce stress, better sleep, and keep the body flexible.
Eat better, live longer
There’s plenty of truth in this old adage — “We dig our graves with our teeth.” We are what we eat, so it is no surprise that our diet plays a vital role in how we age. A research done on the centenarians in Japan and China revealed that they ate mostly fish, vegetables, mushrooms, seaweed, corn, buckwheat, and hardly any meat. Scientists have proven the health benefits of eating a plant-rich, meat-free diet. These geriatrics rarely suffered from heart or liver disease, cancer or degenerative diseases.
Dan Buettner [author of The Blue Zones, a book on longevity] recommends that you donate all the large plates in your kitchen and replace them with smaller plates. This will automatically reduce calorie intake by 30 per cent at least at dinner times.
Eating locally produced organic food is an added advantage. Sardinians swear by red wine as one of the aids to defy ageing, given that red wine is rich in antioxidants, it might as well be true. Drinking enough pure water through the day is also an important part of keeping cells healthy. Herbs and spices like turmeric, ginger, garlic, and pepper have several disease-preventing properties that one could benefit from.
Here are some foods that will help you lead a long healthy life:
Whole grains reduce risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and some cancers [whole wheat flour, ragi, oatmeal, jowar, bajra, cracked wheat, buckwheat, and cornmeal]
Calcium-rich dairy foods prevent osteoporosis [low-fat milk, dahi, low-fat paneer, and cheese]
Protein from beans and lean meats result in stronger muscles and improved metabolism [dried beans, nuts, and fish]
Fruits provide antioxidants and a variety of vitamins [choose a variety of colours]
Vegetables help reduce the risk of some chronic diseases by providing vital nutrients [green leafy, orange coloured and starchy vegetables].
Grow older, think sharper
Age brings along senility, memory loss, and Alzheimer’s. These can be delayed or prevented altogether. Daily brain workouts like puzzles, chess and sudoku, and a diet rich in essential amino acids, omega-3 and vitamins ensure that you have a razor sharp brain for many years to come.
The following list of foods will keep your brain buzzing for long:
Omega-3 rich fish: Salmon, mackerel and sardines
Nuts and seeds: They are rich in omega-3 and protein
Antioxidant-rich foods: Berries and green tea [2 cups a day]
Choline-rich food: Cruciferous vegetables [cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli], eggs, peanuts, and rajma
Monounsaturated fats: Olive oil, peanuts, sesame oil, flaxseeds and fish oil
Microalgae: Spirulina and seaweed.
Beat stress, live lighter
Follow these simple steps to de-stress
Bond with family and friends
Cut out stimulants like caffeine
Cultivate a hobby and join a hobby group
De-clutter with a passion. Give away anything that you haven’t used for six months
Keep free slots in your daily planner for relaxation, or doing what makes you happy, including doing nothing
Laugh like a child
Give importance to a good night’s sleep
Get a pet. A pet dog can bring you much happiness.
To live a long life full of vitality, you can start at any point, making small changes one at a time to improve for the better. Pursue longevity with a passion, and you will realise that it is not some elusive Holy Grail, but something very much attainable.

INDONESIA,KEEP IT UP!!!

Hopefully it comes as no great surprise to you that deforestation is a major problem in many areas of the world, both it terms of preserving biodiversity and preventing climate change — some countries are chopping down their forests at astonishing rates. But what you may not know is which nations really have the highest rates of deforestation, so here they are:
When considering all these, for sake of comparison, even though Brazil gets a lot of the heat for Amazonian deforestation — and rightly so, considering the total area of land cleared — as a percentage of landmass cleared it isn’t even in the the top twenty. Over the past twenty years or so the deforestation rate has been 8% and over 70% of historic forest cover remains.
NOTE: All the data in this post has been derived from the truly informative and well presented Google Earth layer on deforestation, created by David Tryse, which draws its data from the World Resources Institute and Greenpeace. All percentages refer to the years 1990-2005.
1) Honduras: -37%Historically Honduras was pretty much entirely covered by trees, with half a percent of the land not forested. Today about half of that remains (52%), with just about 16% existing in a frontier forest state. Between 1990-2005, Honduras saw a decline of 37% in its forest cover.
2) Nigeria: -36%About half the land in Nigeria used to be covered in trees. Today all but about 10% of those have been chopped down, and less than one percent exist as frontier forest. Nigeria has removed 36% of its trees in the past two decades.
3) The Philippines: -32%The islands that make up the Philippines used to be all forested. Today only 35% of those forests remain; the only (slightly) good news in that is about 28% remain as frontier forest. But with a deforestation rate over the past twenty or so years of 26%, the future isn’t so bright.
) Benin: -31%Benin didn’t start out with great amounts of forest cover — only about 16% of the land used to be forested — and a high deforestation rate of 31% doesn’t help preserve what remains. Less than 4% of those original forests remain, and none in a frontier forest state.
5) Ghana: -28%At one point about two-thirds of Ghana was covered with forest; now, less than 10% of that forest cover remains and none as frontier forest. At a rate of decline since 1990 of 28%, that remaining forest doesn’t stand a chance without better forestry practices.
6) Indonesia: -26%Indonesia is a strange case. Like much of Southeast Asia it was historically entirely covered in forest, and over the whole nation some 65% of that forest cover remains, with about 29% in a frontier forest condition. But it’s seen a serious decline in that forest cover over the past two decades which doesn’t show signs of letting up.
It’s also an amazingly large country, and there are local conditions that get minimized in the stats. For example, on Borneo (the world’s third largest island) between 1985-2000 more logs were felled than in all of South America and Africa combined. Half of the lowland forest is currently gone and that could increase to two-thirds in just ten years.
7) Nepal & North Korea: -25%Nepal has about 22% of its original forest cover remaining, non of which is considered frontier forest — the past two decades saw a 25% decline in forest cover.
At one point nearly all of North Korea was forested, but today about 61% of that has been cleared — the change in forest cover since 1990 has been a decline of about 25%.
9) Ecuador & Haiti: -22%Rounding out the bottom of the top, as it were, are Ecuador, Liberia, and Haiti, all of which have witnessed 22% declines in forest cover since 1990.
Ecuador was originally largely forested, but today has about two-thirds of that forest cover remaining. The comparatively good news is that about 37% of that is frontier forest.
The bad news about Haiti is that it has had a 22% decline in forest cover in the past twenty years. The even worse news is that Haiti has already cleared all but a fraction of a percent of it’s original forest, 99.2% to be exact. Here’s the symbol par excellence of what happens when you have horrendous forestry practice.